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21. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 3.5 WARNING: If other types of machines are connected together, the maximum number is determined by their current draw.

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1. S ERVICE & MAINTENANCE MANUAL R EV . 1.0

31. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 6.1 6. TROUBLESHOOTING The troubleshooting procedures are shown in the form of flow charts. In order to facilitate consultation, the following standard box shapes are used. This type of box is the START point of the troubleshooting procedure. It typically contains a description of the problem or malfunction. This type of box represents a decision point in the troubleshooting procedure. It typically contains a description of the CHECK to be made, with an outcome that can be either a positive (YES) or negative (NO) response. This type of box is a step in the troubleshooting procedure where an ACTION must be carried out. It typically contains a description of the ACTION necessary to resolve the problem. Therefore, after executing the specified ACTION: 1. Check whether the problem has been resolved; 2. If the problem persists, it is recommended to resume the troubleshooting procedure from the point before the action was carried out. A circled number (such as that shown on the left) next to a box of the troubleshooting procedure indicates that detailed instructions for performing that particular check or action are provided below the flowchart. A circled letter (such as that shown on the left) is used to highlight a point in the procedure. Typically, this indicator is used in page changes.

93.

29. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 5.1 5. INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS 5.1. SPECIFICATIONS AND REQUIREMENTS For correct machine installation, make sure that: 1. The machine is installed on a level surface that is free of vibrations and has sufficient carrying capacity for the combined weight of the machine and user. 2. The place of installation is free of dust and sand. 3. The place of installation meets the operating temperature and humidity conditions specified in paragraph 2.4. “Ambient specifications”. 4. The machine is not positioned close to sources of heat, sources of electromagnetic noise (television sets, electrical motors, antennas, high voltage lines, household appliances, etc...) or medical equipment. 5. To eliminate any interference with the cardio receiver, no transmitters should be placed less than 1 meter from the display. 6. The mains voltage must match the value specified on the machine rating plate. 7. The electrical system must be correctly earthed. 8. The wall outlet used should be reserved for the machine and have a rating of at least 50 VA. 9. The maximum number of machines connected in cascade should be that indicated in paragraph 3.1.9. “Power entry module”. 10. Position the mains lead of the machine where it will not be underfoot. 5.2. INSTALLATION To correctly install the machine, proceed as follows: 1. Ensure that the specifications and requirements for installation have been met (see paragraph 5.1. “Specifications and requirements”). 2. Position the machine as specified above, on a level surface that is free of vibrations and has sufficient carrying capacity for the combined weight of the machine and user. 3. The machine is shipped fully assembled and packed in a carton fixed to a wooden pallet. 4. Connect the mains lead to the power inlet socket on the machine. 5. Place the on/off switch in the “0” position. 6. Plug the mains lead into the wall outlet.

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17. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 3.1 3. PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION 3.1. BLOCK DIAGRAM The machine block diagram is illustrated in the figure below: POWER ENTRY MODULE DISPLAY DISPLAY BOARD CSAFE BOARD TGS/ SMART CARD BOARD BRAKE BOARD CARDIO RECEIVER VAC KEYBOARD SPEED SENSOR BRAKE CONNECTORS PANEL NET RJ45 BNC

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10. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 1.2 1.3. GENERAL RULES FOR REPAIR PROCEDURES 1. Always mark any parts or positions which may be confused with each other at the time of reassembly. 2. Use original Technogym spare parts and lubricants of the recommended brands. 3. Use special tools where specified. 4. Consult the Technical Newsletters, which may contain more up-to-date information on adjustments and maintenance than those contained in this manual. 5. Before starting the repair procedure, make sure that the recommended tools are available and in good condition. 6. For the procedures described in this manual, use only the specified tools. OBSERVE: The tool sizes quoted in this manual are expressed in mm.

14. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 2.4 2.7. WIRING DIAGRAM BRAKE POWER ENTRY MODULE VAC BRAKE BOARD C N 3 C N 4 C N 1 C N 2 SPEED SENSOR CB-0 Patch Conn. CB-51 CB-4 CB-3 DISPLAY CPU BOARD CBQ-32 KEYBOARD 386 BOARD C N 3 TGS/ SMART CARD BOARD C N 1 C N 2 C N 7 C N 9 CBQ-13 CSAFE BOARD HFU RECEIVER C N 1 C N 1 C N 8 CBQ-28 CONNECTORS PANEL C N 5 C N 4 CB-14

3. The information contained in this manual is intended for QUALIFIED TECHNICIANS who have completed a specific TECHNOGYM training course and are authorized to perform machine start-up and adjustment procedures as well as extraordinary maintenance or repairs which require a thorough knowledge of the machine, its operation, its safety devices and working procedures. CAREFULLY READ THE INFORMATION CONTAINED IN THIS MANUAL BEFORE PERFORMING ANY MAINTENANCE PROCEDURES ON THE MACHINE DANGEROUS VOLTAGES PRESENT NOTE The information contained in this document is subject to change without notice. Technogym does not guarantee this documentation in any way. Technogym shall not be held responsible for any errors contained in this manual and declines all liability for accidents or damages resulting from the supply, characteristics or use of this manual. This document contains proprietary information that is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. No part of this document may be photocopied, reproduced or translated into another language without the prior written consent of Technogym. The Technogym™ trademark is property of Technogym S.p.A. The Bike Forma™ trademark is property of Technogym S.p.A.

56. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 7.8 Figure 7.7-4 If the machine saddle was disassembled, during reassembly lock down the screw e using a torque wrench set for 24 Nm.

91. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 11.1 11. APPENDIX 11.1. UPDATING THE SW To update the machine SW it is necessary to change the contents of the FLASH EPROM on the 386 board by means of an external PC connected to the CSAFE port on the machine, situated on the lower part of the display panel. The PC can only update the FLASH EPROM while the machine is being switched on, before the power-on reset procedure begins.

94. 0SM00280AA-UK TECHNOGYM S.p.A. Via G. Perticari, 20 47035 Gambettola (FC) ITALIA Tel.: +39-0547-650438 Fax: +39-0547-650150 e-mail: [email protected]

45. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 6.15 (1) Place the tester probes across pins 1 and 3 of connector CN1 of the TGS/Smart Card reader. The measured value should be +12 Vdc. (2) As for step (1) but across pins 1 and 9 of connector CN10 on the digital plan board. (3) Use the serial communications test described in paragraph 6.1.1.3 “Serial Ports Test”.

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90. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 10.4 • Isolation of the individual wires toward ground. Repair and/or replace any non-conforming wires. 2. Check the condition of the fuses using a tester.

15. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 2.5 2.8. CABLES CB-0: High voltage cable Power entry module – Brake board Power entry module Signal Color Brake board CN3 N Neutral White 1 F Line Black 3 T Earth Green 5 C B-3: Cable connecting upper and lower assemblies Brake board – Digital plan board Brake board CN1 Signal Color Digital Plan Board CN7 2 Digital Gnd White 2 3 Power Gnd Orange 3 4 - sensing +5 Vdc digital Red 4 6 +12 Vdc Black 6 7 +5 Vdc Green 7 8 +sensing +5 Vdc digital Blue 8 CB-4: Serial communication cable between upper and lower assemblies Brake board – Digital plan board Brake board CN4 Signal Color Digital Plan Board CN14 1 NC Green-White 1 2 NC Green 2 3 Digital Gnd Orange-White 3 4 Download Blue 4 5 Reset Blue-White 5 6 Digital Gnd Orange 6 7 485 Tx/Rx + Brown-White 7 8 485 Tx/Rx - Brown 8 CBQ-13: CSafe board cable Digital Plan Board – CSafe Board Digital Plan Board CN15 Signal Color CSafe Board CN1 1 Digital #1 Flat cable 1 ... ... ... ... 14 Digital #14 Flat cable 14

67. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 7.19 Figure 7.16-3 Disassembling the platforms (this procedure applies for both platforms): 5. To disassemble the platforms, back off the 3 screws d using a 17-mm wrench. To reassemble the platforms and connectors, carry out the above steps in reverse order. During reassembly, lock down the screws b using a torque wrench set for 44 Nm.

39. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 6.9 6.4.3. E RROR 4 ON BRAKE BOARD This code indicates a low voltage error: this condition occurs when the +12 Vdc voltage drops below 9.7 Vdc. This error is caused by drops in the voltage output by the power supply section of the brake board, as a result of defective components. If the error persists or recurs frequently, replace the brake board. 6.4.4. E RROR 8 ON THE BRAKE BOARD This code indicates an overvoltage error: this condition occurs when the +12 Vdc voltage exceeds 13.7 Vdc. This error is caused by surges in the voltage output by the power supply section of the brake board, as a result of defective components. If the error persists or recurs frequently, replace the brake board. 6.4.5. E RROR 16 OR 32 ON THE BRAKE BOARD This code indicates an error in the EPROM of the brake board or a watch dog error: this condition occurs when the board is unable to read the memory. If the error persists or recurs frequently, replace the brake board. 6.4.6. E RROR 128 ON BRAKE BOARD This code indicates an error in the calibration of the brake board: this condition occurs when the value of the calibration parameter read by the board is incorrect. In these conditions, the board continues to function but will not necessarily produce the correct value of exercise resistance. When this error occurs, replace the brake board.

47. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 6.17 6.10. THE TELEMETRIC HR SIGNAL IS INCORRECT The machine displays this error if the receiver is disturbed by sources of electromagnetic noise. THE TELEMETRIC HR SIGNAL IS INCORRECT Are the machines correctly spaced by the required minimum distance? Is the receiv er correctly positioned and are the connecting cables properly routed? Are there sources of electromagnetic noise near the receiv er? Reposition the machines so they are adequately spaced Correct the position of the receiv er and the routing of the cables Mov e the machine away f rom the noise source or attenuate the power of the noise NO YES NO YES NO YES 1 A Is the transmitter in good working order? Use a correctly f unctioning transmitter YES NO 2 Continued on the following page.

59. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 7.11 7.10. DISASSEMBLING THE BELT Figure 7.10-1 Carry out the procedure described in paragraph 7.6. “Disassembling the guards” 1. Release the spring a of the belt tensioning mechanism. 2. Remove the belt from the pulley. To reassemble the belt, follow the disassembly instructions in reverse order. After completing this operation, adjust the belt tension as described in paragraph 8.1. “Belt tension”.

27. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 4.1 4. ACCESSORIES 4.1. CARDIO THEATER CONNECTION The machine can be connected to the CardioTheater by means of the RJ45 connector on the CSafe board. The CardioTheater unit must be provided with a power cable having the following pin-out: RJ45 Connector Signal 5 +5 Vdc 7 Ground In the RJ45 connector, which is illustrated below, pin 1 is the farthest right when the locking tab is facing upward. The remaining pins are not connected. 4.2. PC LINK FOR PROGRAMMING The machine can be connected to a PC for programming by means of the RJ45 connector on the CSafe board. The cable to use (code 0WC00434AA ) must be wired as follows: PC Cable CSafe Board - PC CSafe Board RJ45 Signal Color PC 9 pin D- connector 3 Rx White-Green 3 4 Tx Blue 2 7 Ground White-brown 5 5 - - 6 R = 10 KOhm - - In the RJ45 connector, which is illustrated below, pin 1 is the farthest right when the locking tab is facing upward.

69. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 8.1 8. ADJUSTMENTS 8.1. BELT TENSION Figure 8.1-1 Carry out the procedure described in paragraph 7.6. “Disassembling the guards”. 1. To adjust the tension of the belt, simply select on of the various positions available for the spring a . The correct belt tension is between 34 – 40 lbs (15.9-18.1 kg).

71. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 8.3 8.3. SPEED SENSOR POSITION Figure 8.3-1 Carry out the procedure described in paragraph 7.6. “Disassembling the guards”. 1. Back off the 2 screws a and shift the speed sensor support to the side, so that it is 0.7 mm from the screws on the copper disk. 2. Lock the screws back down.

42. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 6.12 (1) Check that the mechanical system, consisting of the pedals, belt and brake, moves smoothly and without unusually high friction or resistance. (2) Refer to paragraph 9.2.4. “Errors log”. (3) Measure the voltage supplied by the brake board to the winding. In constant power mode (custom – time), pedaling at 80 RPM and with a user weighing 75 kg, the values, should be approximately those in the table below: Low kit version 9.57.13 Power (Watt) Voltage (Vdc) 50 2.0 80 2.9 150 4.1 200 4.8

34. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 6.4 6.2. THE DISPLAY FAILS TO ILLUMINATE This error occurs when the power supply voltage does not reach the upper assembly. This may also be due to a short circuit on the brake winding, which interrupts the output voltage of the brake board, causing the upper assembly to switch off. Does the wall outlet supply the correct v oltage? Is the mains lead OK? Is the v oltage at the output of the machine's power entry module correct? Plug the machine into a working electrical outlet Replace the mains lead Replace the power entry module on the machine THE DISPLAY DOES NOT ILLUMINATE Does the mains v oltage reach the input to the brake board? NO YES NO YES NO YES NO YES 2 A Replace cable CB-0 1

51. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 7.3 7.3. DISASSEMBLING THE KEYBOARD Figure 7.3-1 Carry out the procedure described in paragraph 7.1. “Disassembling the display”. 1. Unplug the keyboard connector shown in the figure. Figure 7.3-2 With the display placed on a work bench: 2. Use a sharp tool to lift up and detach a corner of the keyboard. To assemble a new keyboard, with the display on a work bench: 1. Remove the backing film which protects the adhesive. 2. Apply the adhesive part, starting from the left and working toward the right, without bending the keyboard. 3. Insert the connector in the special slot on the display and connect it to the digital plan board. 4. Remove the protective film. When reassembling the keyboard, make sure that none of the keys are bent or remain pushed in. The keyboard assembly procedure can only be carried out once, because disassembly damages the tracks and keys.

53. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 7.5 7.5. DISASSEMBLING THE HANDLEBAR Figure 7.5-1 Carry out the procedure described in paragraph 7.1. “Disassembling the display”. 1. Back off the 3 screws a using a 6-mm Allen wrench. Support the handlebar before backing off the last screw. To assemble the new handlebar, carry out the above steps in reverse order. During reassembly, lock down the 3 screws using a torque wrench set for 22 Nm.

16. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 2.6 CBQ-14: Cable connecting CSafe – External connectors CSafe Board – Ext. connectors panel CSafe Board CN4 Signal Color Ext. connectors CN5 1 Digital #1 UPT CAT V 1 ... ... ... ... 8 Digital #8 UPT CAT V 8 CBQ-28: HFU receiver cable CPU board – HFU receiver CPU board CN8 Signal Color HFU receiver 1 +5 Vdc power supply Red 2 7 Pulse (beat to beat) Blue 4 8 Gnd Black 1 CBQ-32: TGS/smart card cable Digital Plan Board – TGS/Smart Card Board Digital Plan Board CN10 Signal Color TGS/Smart Card Board CN1 1 +12 Vdc power supply Yellow 1 3 Rx White 8 5 Tx Green 7 9 Gnd Brown 3 CBQ-51: Brake supply cable Brake board – Brake – Speed sensor Brake board CN2 Signal Color Brake Speed sensor 1 Brake supply + Brown 10 2 Brake supply - White 5 3 RPM Yellow Faston connected to brown cable 4 RPM reference Green eyelet

70. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 8.2 8.2. PLAY OF SADDLE STEM Figure 8.2-1 1. Raise the machine saddle to be able to access the 2 screws a , on the bushing. 2. Turn the screws a to adjust the play of the saddle stem, using a 3-mm Allen wrench.

38. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 6.8 6.4. ERROR DETECTED BY BRAKE BOARD When the brake board detects an error, it stops and interrupts the power supply to the brake winding, and an error code identifying the fault condition is shown on the display and saved in the error history log. When this error is received by the digital plan board, it halts the exercise and shows the “THE EQUIPMENT IS BLOCKED” message on the display. The errors logged by the brake board can also be viewed from the machine keyboard as described in paragraph 9.2.4. “Errors log”. ERROR DETECTED BY BRAKE BOARD Check the error code stored in memory Error 1 Error 4 Error 8 Error 16 - 32 Error 2 Error 128 The following paragraphs describe the troubleshooting procedures for these three cases. 6.4.1. E RROR 1 ON BRAKE BOARD This code indicates an overheating error: this condition occurs when the temperature detected by the sensor on the circuit board exceeds 90°C. Try switching the machine off for 1 hour. If it resumes working correctly, the machine probably overheated as a result of intensive use. If, on the other hand, the error persists, it is necessary to replace the brake board. 6.4.2. E RROR 2 ON BRAKE BOARD This code indicates an overcurrent error: this condition occurs when the current going to the solenoid measured by the board exceed the max value This error is caused by an HW problem on the brake board or a short circuit on the solenoid. To solve the problem, it is necessary to replace the brake board or the solenoid.

49. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 7.1 7. DISASSEMBLY OF COMPONENTS 7.1. DISASSEMBLING THE DISPLAY Figure 7.1-1 1. Turn off the machine and unplug the mains lead from the wall outlet. 2. Back off the 6 screws a using a medium Phillips screwdriver. Figure 7.1-2 3. Unplug the 3 connectors indicated in the figure at left. 4. Remove the display. Figure 7.1-3 5. Back off the 3 screws b , using a 6-mm Allen wrench, to remove the rear display support. To reassemble the display, carry out the above steps in reverse order.

52. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 7.4 7.4. DISASSEMBLING THE CARDIO RECEIVER Figure 7.4-1 1. Back off the 2 screws a using a 3-mm Allen wrench. Figure 7.4-2 2. Unplug the connector b . 3. Remove the receiver. To assemble the new receiver, carry out the above steps in reverse order.

30. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 5.2 5.3. FIRST POWER-ON After completing the installation procedure, the machine is ready for use. Simply turn the on/off switch from position 0 to position 1. On power-up the machine performs a self test of the upper and lower assemblies. At the end of this the machine goes into standby, awaiting a keyboard command. To check the correct operation of the machine: • get on the machine; • begin exercising; • check that the displayed speed varies accordingly; • check that the exercise resistance varies when the “+” and “-” keys are pressed, and that the effort level LEDs turn on and off accordingly; • put on the heart rate meter and check that the machine correctly reads the heart rate value;

65. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 7.17 7.15. DISASSEMBLING THE SPEED SENSOR Figure 7.15-1 Carry out the procedure described in paragraph 7.6. “Disassembling the guards”. 1. Back off the 2 screws a using a small Phillips screwdriver. 2. Remove the speed sensor. 3. If it proves difficult to back off the screws a in their current position, back off the screws b using a 3-mm T Allen wrench and remove the sensor together with the support. If the plastic sensor support is also removed, adjust the sensor position as described in paragraph 8.3. “Speed sensor position”. To reassemble the speed sensor, carry out the above steps in reverse order.

24. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 3.8 • RS-485 Signal This is a digital signal exchanged between the brake board and the digital plan board. There is no provision for monitoring its state. • Excitation current This is the current generated by the brake board (pins 1-2 of connector CN2) which supplies the brake winding. The current supplied is a function of the selected effort level and the speed of the exercise. • Pulses This is the signal produced by the speed sensor, and has the waveform shown below: Figure 3.2-1 The signal enters the brake board (pins 3-4 on connector CN2), where it is used to determine the speed value that is sent to the digital plan board via the RS-485 serial link. This signal can also be measured qualitatively using a multimeter. With the machine stopped the voltage measured across the sensor terminals should be 0 Vdc, and while pedaling it should go to a few hundred mV: the higher the speed, the higher the measured value.

46. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 6.16 6.9. THERE IS NO HEART RATE SIGNAL 6.9.1. R ICEVITORE TELEMETRICO HFU La macchina mostra questo errore se il ricevitore non funziona o se non alimentato dalla scheda digital plan. THERE IS NO HR SIGNAL Is the supply v oltage correct at the input to the receiv er? Is the supply v oltage correct at the output of the digital plan board? Replace the receiv er Replace CBQ-28 cable 1 2 YES NO YES Replace digital plan board NO Follow the procedure step by step to correctly diagnose the problem. Take particular care with the checks highlighted by circled numbers, which are described in detail below: (1) Place the tester probes across pins 1 and 3 of connector CN1 of the receiver. The measured value should be +5 Vdc. (2) As for step (1) but across pins 1 and 8 of connector CN11 on the digital plan board.

48. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 6.18 Is the transmitter alway s within the 80 cm range f rom the receiv er NO Reposition the transmitter wi t hin range YES Replace the receiv er A Follow the procedure step by step to correctly diagnose the problem. Take particular care with the checks highlighted by circled numbers, which are described in detail below: (1) To check for electromagnetic noise near the machine, use a frequency signal monitor constructed as shown in the diagram below. The circuit lights the LED for each heart beat and/or disturbance received: in this way it is possible to determine whether there is any interference, and identify its sources. (2) Check the battery power level, using a tester if possible. Otherwise use a receiver or another “reference” machine to check the operation up to a distance of about 80 cm from the receiver.

64. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 7.16 Figure 7.14-3 Disassembling the brake pulley c : 6. Unscrew the brake pulley c using a 17-mm wrench, using a 6-mm Allen wrench to hold the shaft in place on the opposite side. To reassemble the brake, carry out the above steps in reverse order. Remember to fully lock down all the screws b (in a cross pattern), as they may knock against the speed sensor if left loose. Lock down the screws using a torque wrench set for 6 Nm After reassembling the brake, use a comparator to check for any curvature of the copper disk, with a margin of ± ± ± ± 0.15 mm. Lock down the screw c using a torque wrench set for 40 Nm.

88. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 10.2 10.2. MONTHLY MAINTENANCE OPERATIONS These operations can be carried out by the machine owner and do not require any special skills. The monthly maintenance operations consist of simple checks on the machine’s operation and state of wear, to ensure its safe and correct functioning. For the monthly maintenance of the machine, proceed as follows: 10.2.1. P LAY OF THE SADDLE STEM 1. Get on the machine and begin exercising, moving your body weight backward and forward, and from right to left. Check whether the saddle stem follows these shifts in weight, exhibiting play. Adjust the amount of play if necessary. 10.2.2. C HECK WEAR OF FOOT STRAPS 1. Check the state of wear of the foot straps. Replace if there are evident signs of wear. 10.2.3. C HECKING THE OPERATION OF THE CARDIOTESTER RECEIVER 1. Using a separate heart rate monitor, put on the transmitter band and check that the machine and the separate monitor both measure the same heart rate, and that when the band is disconnected the machine does not receive any signal. 2. Using a heart rate frequency simulator, check that the machine detects variations in the heart rate.

58. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 7.10 7.9. DISASSEMBLING THE ELECTRICAL BOX Figure 7.9-1 Carry out the procedure described in paragraph 7.6. “Disassembling the guards”. 1. Back off the screws a using a medium Phillips screwdriver. 2. Remove the cover from the box. Figure 7.9-2 3. Unplug the connectors indicated in the figure. 4. Back off the two screws b shown in figure 7.9-1 using a 4-mm Allen wrench. 5. Remove the electrical box. To reassemble the electrical box, carry out the above steps in reverse order. During reassembly, lock down the screws b using a torque wrench set for 5 Nm.

72. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 8.4 8.4. BRAKE ASSEMBLY Figure 8.4-1 Carry out the procedure described in paragraph 7.6. “Disassembling the guards”. 1. Back off the 2 screws a and shift the brake winding support to the side, so that it is 0.6 mm from the disk. 2. Lock the screws back down. WARNING: check the flatness of the copper disk using a comparator gauge: the permissible margin is ± ± ± ± 0.15 mm.

44. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 6.14 6.8. THE MACHINE DOES NOT READ THE TGS/SMART CARD The machine displays this error if the TGS or Smart Card reader is not working properly, or if it is not supplied by the digital plan board. THE MACHI NE DOES NOT READ THE TGS/SMART CARD Does the supply v oltage correctly reach the input to the TGS/Smart Card reader? Is the supply v oltage correct at the input to the digital plan board correct? Replace cable CBQ-32 1 2 YES NO YES Replace the digital plan board NO A Is the serial communication link between the digital plan board and the TGS/Smart Card reader OK? Replace the digital plan board. Is the communication link between the digital plan board and the TGS/Smart Card reader OK? Digital plan board def ectiv e 3 3 YES NO YES Replace the TGS/Smart Card reader NO A Replace the TGS/Smart Card reader Follow the procedure step by step to correctly diagnose the problem. Take particular care with the checks highlighted by circled numbers, which are described in detail below:

9. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 1.1 1. GENERAL NOTICES 1.1. INTRODUCTION This document is reserved for Technogym Service technicians, and is intended to provide authorized personnel with the necessary information to correctly carry out repairs and maintenance. A thorough knowledge of the technical information contained in this manual is essential for completing the professional training of the operator. In order to facilitate consultation, the paragraphs are accompanied by schematic drawings which illustrate the procedure being described. This manual contains notices and symbols which have a specific meanings: WARNING: non observance may result in accident or injury. ATTENTION: non observance may cause damage to the machine. Information about the operation in progress. OBSERVE: observation about the operation in progress. 1.2. RECOMMENDATIONS Technogym recommends the following steps for planning repair procedures: • Carefully evaluate the customer’s description of the machine malfunction and ask all the necessary questions to clarify the symptoms of the problem. • Clearly diagnose the causes of the problem. This manual provides the fundamental theoretical basis, which must then be integrated by personal experience and attendance at the training courses periodically offered by Technogym. • Rationally plan the repair procedure so as to minimize the downtime necessary for procuring spare parts, preparing tools, etc. • Access the component to be repaired, avoiding any unnecessary operations. In this regard it will be useful to refer to the disassembly sequence described in this manual.

62. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 7.14 7.13. DISASSEMBLING THE BRAKE WINDING Figure 7.13-1 Carry out the procedure described in paragraph 7.6. “Disassembling the guards”. 1. Unplug the two Faston connectors a from the winding. 2. Back off the fixing screws b on the machine frame, using a 3-mm Allen wrench. Figure 7.13-2 3. Place the winding assembly on a work bench. 4. Back off the two nuts c using a 7-mm wrench, locking down the 2 through-screws from the opposite side using a 3-mm Allen wrench. 5. Remove the assembly with the winding. To reassemble the brake winding, carry out the above steps in reverse order. Be careful to position the brake assembly so that the copper disk does not brush against the laminated core, using a 0.6-mm spacer.

63. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 7.15 7.14. DISASSEMBLING THE BRAKE GROUP Figure 7.14-1 Carry out the operations described in paragraphs paragraph 7.6. “Disassembling the guards”, 7.10. “Disassembling the belt” and 7.13. “Disassembling the brake winding”. 1. Remove the snap ring a on the left side of the machine. Be careful with the various spacer rings on the pulley shaft. Figure 7.14-2 2. Remove the brake assembly 3. Place the brake assembly on a work bench. Take particular care with the copper disk, as it bends easily and may then cause problems after reassembly, by brushing against the winding block. 4. Back off the screws b using a 4-mm Allen wrench. 5. Remove the copper disk. Continued on following page →

60. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 7.12 7.11. DISASSEMBLING THE PEDALS AND THE PEDAL CRANKS Figure 7.11-1 Carry out the procedure described in paragraph 7.6. “Disassembling the guards”. 1. Back off the screw a using a 15-mm wrench and remove the pedal. During reassembly, lock down the screws b using a torque wrench set for 35 Nm. Figure 7.11-2 2. Remove the plastic caps b from both pedal cranks. 3. Use a 14-mm socket wrench to back off the screw underneath. Figure 7.11-3 4. Use a bicycle pedal extractor tool like the one shown in the figure to remove the two pedal cranks. To reassemble the pedals and the pedal cranks, carry out the above steps in reverse order. During reassembly, lock down the screws b using a torque wrench set for 40 Nm.

86. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 9.14 9.2.6.1. Low kit version This function displays the brake board firmware version. To access this menu, when the LED display shows: LOW KIT VERSION press ENTER , the following message appears: H:x L:x B:x Which identifies the firmware version. 9.2.6.2. Low Kit fault code This function accesses the lower electronics’ error log. To access this menu, when the LED display shows: LOW KIT FAULT CODE press ENTER , the following message appears: FAULT=XX 9.2.7. H IGH KIT VERSION This function displays the SW version of the display. To do this, when the LED display shows: HIGH KIT VERSION press ENTER , the message that identifies the SW version, will appear.

36. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 6.6 Follow the procedure step by step to correctly diagnose the problem. Take particular care with the checks highlighted by circled numbers, which are described in detail below: To speed up the troubleshooting procedure, check the state of the power indicator LEDs on the various circuit boards. (1) Slightly lift up the Faston connectors on the machine power inlet socket. Place the tester probes across the live and neutral pins on the same connector. The measured value should be approximately 220 VAC or 110 VAC depending on the mains voltage. (2) As for step (1) but across pins 3 and 1 of connector CN3 on the brake board. (3) Using a tester, check that all the output voltages on connector CN1 of the brake board are correct, referring to paragraph 2.8. “Cables”. (4) With cable CB-51 connected, place the tester probes across pins 1 and 2 of connector CN2 of the brake board. The measured value of resistance should be different from 0. (5) Disconnect cable CB-51 from the winding and place the tester probes across the terminals of the winding. The measured value of resistance should be different from 0. (6) Using a tester, check that cable CB-51 is correct, referring to paragraph 2.8. “Cables”. (7) As for step (3) but on connector CN7 of the CPU board.

37. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 6.7 6.3. “THE EQUIPMENT IS BLOCKED” MESSAGE ON THE DISPLAY This error message can be caused by: • loss of communication between the lower and upper assemblies; • the brake board has detected an error condition, causing it to generate an alarm and store the error code in memory. Is the communication between the upper and lower assemblies ok? Turn the machine of f and on again Reinstate the communication link between the upper and lower assemblies NO "THE EQUIPMENT IS BLOCKED" MESSAGE ON THE DISPLAY 1 Carry out the "Brake board Error" troubleshooting procedure YES 2 Follow the procedure step by step to correctly diagnose the problem. Take particular care with the checks highlighted by circled numbers, which are described in detail below: (1) Carry out the procedure for testing the serial communications described in paragraph 6.1.1.3 “Serial Ports Test”. (2) To reinstate communications between the lower and upper assemblies: • check that cable CB-4 is correct; • try replacing the brake board and the digital plan board in turn, and check whether the communication works.

54. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 7.6 7.6. DISASSEMBLING THE GUARDS Figure 7.6-1 1. Back off the 6 screws a on either side of the machine using a 4-mm Allen wrench. Figure 7.6-2 2. Remove the right guard first, pushing the pedal back as shown in the figure, and then removing the guard as indicated by the arrows. Figure 7.6-3 3. Remove the rubber footrest b . 4. Remove the six pins c from the left guard. 5. Push the left pedal back and remove the left guard in the same way as the right guard. To reassemble the guards, carry out the above steps in reverse order. During reassembly, lock down the screws using a torque wrench set for 0.8 Nm.

73. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 9.1 9. MACHINE CONFIGURATION 9.1. USER MENU CONFIGURATION The machine configuration procedure is invoked, when the machine is in standby mode, by simultaneously pressing the keys 369 . The following prompt appears on the LED display: ENTER PASSWORD: To access the procedure, type in the password 2406 and press ENTER to confirm. At this point the machine display begins showing the current configuration, structured as in the diagram below: USER CONFI G Language Pause time MAX time Distance Default age Default weight Default time Default distance HR Custom mess. Tgs Keys Format tgs key P&P Default config. Default calories 9.1.1. L ANGUAGE After selecting a language from the list of those available, all messages subsequently displayed by the machine will be in the chosen language. To change the selection, when the LED matrix shows the current setting: LANGUAGE : xxx Press the +/- GOAL keys to select the desired language from the options available. Press ENTER to confirm the choice, use the + or – effort level keys to move to the next or previous parameter.

87. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 10.1 10. SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE To keep the machine in perfect working order and forestall possible problems it is necessary to carry out the scheduled maintenance operations described below. The maintenance operations can essentially be classified according to the frequency with which they need to be performed: • Daily maintenance operations; • Monthly maintenance operations; • Twice-yearly maintenance operations. The operations require different levels of operator qualification. The following paragraphs describe the recommended procedures. 10.1. DAILY MAINTENANCE OPERATIONS These operations can be carried out by the machine owner and do not require any special skills. The daily machine maintenance consists of simple external cleaning, for the purposes of general hygiene. For the daily maintenance of the machine, proceed as follows: 10.1.1. S ETTING UP THE OPERATION 1. Turn off the machine by placing the switch in position 0 (OFF). 2. Unplug the mains lead from the wall outlet. 10.1.2. E XTERNAL CLEANING OPERATIONS 1. Using a cloth moistened with a neutral detergent (non acidic), clean the entire machine, taking care not to rub too vigorously, especially on the keys of the display. Never spray the cleaning product directly on the machine. WARNING: do not use alcohol, petrol or other chemical products.

35. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 6.5 A Are the DC v oltages at the output of the brake board correct? NO 3 YES B Is the output of the brake board short-circuited? NO 4 Is the brake winding short- circuited? YES YES Replace the brake winding 5 Replace the brake board Is cable CB-51 ok? Replace cable CB-51 YES NO YES Replace the brake board 6 B Are the DC v oltages at the input to the digital plan board correct? Replace cable CB-3 NO 7 Replace the CPU board YES

55. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 7.7 7.7. DISASSEMBLING THE SEAT GROUP Figure 7.7-1 Carry out the procedure described in paragraph 7.6. “Disassembling the guards”. 1. Adjust the saddle to position 2. 2. Back off the screw a using a 3-mm Allen wrench, accessing it from the hole at the base of the saddle column. 3. Remove the saddle from the top. Figure 7.7-2 Disassembling the adjustable bushing: 1. Back off the two screws b using a 3-mm Allen wrench. 2. Remove the bushing from the top. Figure 7.7-3 Disassemble the saddle stem bushing c : 1. Back off the three screws d using a 3-mm Allen wrench. 2. Pull out the plate on which the bushing is fixed. During reassembly, lock down the screws d using a torque wrench set for 5 Nm. Continued on following page →

22. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 3.6 3.2. BRAKE CONTROL 3.2.1. M ECHANICS The movement of the pedals puts the brake into rotation by means of a belt. The speed sensor, connected to the machine frame, the speed sensor detects the heads of the brake disk fixing bolts and provides a signal representing the RPM. 3.2.2. C ONTROL The control block diagram is as follows: The resistance which the user perceives on the pedals is a combination of 2 factors: • mechanical: mechanical efficiency of the linkages and more generally the mechanical friction of the system as a whole. The mechanical friction has been measured in the laboratory and is determined by a specific SW function of the upper kit. • electrical: resistance produced by the brake; To obtain a given exercise effort level, the digital plan board sends the required value of “electrical” resistance to the brake board via the RS-485 serial link. Based on the commands received and the feedback signal from the speed sensor, the brake board will then apply the appropriate excitation current to the brake winding and generate an electromagnetic field. The value of the current applied is based on the value of the brake table memorized into the brake board. Digital Plan Board Brake Board RS-485 CN14 CN4 1-2/CN2 Brake Excitation Current 3-4/CN2 Pulses Speed sensor

61. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 7.13 7.12. DISASSEMBLING THE PULLEY Figure 7.12-1 Carry out the operations described in paragraphs 7.10. “Disassembling the belt” and 7.11. “Disassembling the pedals and the pedal cranks”. 1. On the left side of the machine, remove the plastic cover a . Figure 7.12-2 2. Remove the snap ring b . Be careful with the various spacer rings on the pulley shaft. Figure 7.12-3 3. Remove the pulley c from the opposite side of the machine. 4. Back off the 3 screws d using a medium Phillips screwdriver. 5. Remove the plastic cover, not visible in the photo, from the pulley c . To reassemble the pulley, carry out the above steps in reverse order.

66. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 7.18 7.16. DISASSEMBLING THE PLATFORMS WITH CSAFE BOARD CONNECTORS AND POWER ENTRY MODULE Figure 7.16-1 The front and rear platforms house the following components: • connector of the cable leading to the CSafe board (front platform, on the right in the figure); • Power entry module (rear platform, on the left in the figure). 1. To access the connectors, turn the machine over on one side. 2. Back off the screws a of the platform which houses the desired connector, using a medium Phillips screwdriver. Figure 7.16-2 At this point it is possible to: 3. Unplug connector b of the cable which goes up to the CSafe board. 4. Back off the two screws c and remove the Power entry module. Continued on following page →

82. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 9.10 9.2.2.4. Configuration parameters table Display parameter Description Default value Par 01 Transmission ratio 1 4 3 Par 02 Coefficient for conversion of RPM to speed 9 Par 03 Minimum braking current 500 Par 04 200 Par 05 100 Par 06 15 Par 07 125 Par 08 30 Par 09 1 Par 10 30 Par 11 0 Par 12 5 Par 13 0 9.2.3. O PERATING DATA This function makes it possible to access the machine usage data stored in the low kit. To access this menu, when the LED display shows: OPERATING DATA press ENTER . This function is structured as follows: OPERATING DATA Life Kit H Life Brake WRITE TO LOW KIT ? READ FROM LOW KIT ? Life Kit L Tot. Km In addition to the machine usage data, this function also includes the 2 sub-functions described below:

57. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 7.9 7.8. DISASSEMBLING THE ADJUSTING KNOB Figure 7.8-1 Carry out the operations described in paragraph 7.7. “Disassembling the seat group”. 1. Remove the yellow cover a . 2. Use a 3-mm Allen wrench to back off the screw underneath. 3. Remove the knob b , pulling from the opposite side of the frame and being careful to prevent the pin from dropping inside the frame. Figure 7.8-2 4. Remove the rubber o-ring c from the pin d and pull the pin out from inside the frame. 5. Unscrew the threaded bushing e , using a 17- mm wrench. During reassembly, lock down the threaded bushing l using a torque wrench set for 40 Nm. Figure 7.8-3 6. Remove the spring f from the frame. To reassemble the guards, carry out the above steps in reverse order.

12. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 2.2 2.4. AMBIENT SPECIFICATIONS Operating from 5° to 35° C Temperature Storage from -10° to 70° C Operating from 30% to 80% non- condensing Humidity Storage from 5% to 85% non-condensing 2.5. CONFORMITY TO REGULATIONS The machine conforms to the following standards: Europe USA EMI EN 55014-1 EN 55014-2 EN 61000-3-2 EN 61000-3-3 Safety EN 60335-1 EN 957-1 EN 957-5 class SA Directives 73/23/CEE 89/366/CEE 89/392/CEE UL 1647 In addition: • Electrical isolation class: Class I; • Protection rating: IP21.

41. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 6.11 6.6. THE RESISTANCE IS INCORRECT The machine will produce an incorrect resistance if: • the mechanics are not in perfect condition; • the speed measurement is incorrect; • the brake board is defective • the brake is defective. Are the mechanics of the machine in good condition? Has the brake board generated error 128? Does the brake board output the correct current to the brake winding? 3 Replace the brake board NO Replace the brake winding YES THE RESISTANCE IS INCORRECT 1 Repair the f aulty mechanical parts NO Carry out the "Speed is Incorrect" troubleshooting procedure 2 Replace the brake board YES YES NO Follow the procedure step by step to correctly diagnose the problem. Take particular care with the checks highlighted by circled numbers, which are described in detail below:

20. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 3.4 - the commands for modifying the circuit board configuration parameters; - the commands for viewing the errors logged by the circuit board. • Section which generates the current for the brake winding: varying the current produces a proportional variation in the resistance of the brake. The excitation current supplied to the brake is a function of the effort level selected on the display and the RPM value measured by the speed sensor (angular velocity of the brake disk). The board includes the following indicator LEDs: LED name Color Description LED1 green if ON the board is supplying the brake winding. if BLINKING the brake board is in an error condition. LED2 yellow if ON there is the +5 Vdc supply form the circuit board. and 2 jumpers: Jumper Name Setting Description JP1 open JP2 open 3.1.7. B RAKE This is an eddy current brake, consisting of a flywheel mass and a flat copper disk that rotates in the air gap of a winding to which it is connected. Variations in the winding current produce a change in the resulting field, which consequently varies the eddy currents induced within the copper disk and hence its resistance to movement. The winding has a resistance of approximately 4.8 Ohm. 3.1.8. S PEED SENSOR This consists of a magnetic induction sensor which detects the heads of the brake disk fixing screws. 3.1.9. P OWER ENTRY MODULE This is a block consisting of: • power inlet socket; • power outlet socket; • fuse-holder for protecting line voltage and neutral with two 3.15A fast-blow fuses. Situated on the side of the rear platform. The Power entry module has a maximum current rating of 10A. This determines the maximum number of machines that can be connected together. Therefore, do not connect more than 30 Bike Forma machines with a 220 VAC mains supply, or 15 machines with a 110 VAC mains supply.

18. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 3.2 3.1.1. D ISPLAY BOARD The display contains: • 386 BOARD This is the circuit board which comprises the CPU, a 386 microprocessor, its logic circuits and a FLASH EPROM containing the operating program for the machine. • CPU B OARD This is the heart of the display: this board acts as the interconnection hub for all the components of the display, and serves as the point of connection with the electrical box. In particular, its functions are: > receives commands of the machine program from the 386 Board; > sends to the 386 Board the signals received from: - Keyboard; - Cardio receiver; - TGS/Smart Card Board; - CSafe Board. > distributes to the display the voltages received from the Power Supply Board; > houses the backup battery which maintains the RAM memory on the 386 board; > exchanges, over the RS-485 serial link to the inverter, and via the Download Board, commands for controlling the belt and elevation motors; > illuminates the LEDs and 7-segment displays used for the exercise feedback. The board includes the following indicator LEDs: LED name Color Description DL1 green if ON the +5 Vdc supply for the digital circuits, stabilized by the CPU board, correctly generates. DL2 green if ON the +12 Vdc supply for the power circuits, provided by the Power Supply Board, correctly reaches the board. DL3 orange if ON the +5 Vdc supply for the power circuits, provided by the Power Supply Board, correctly reaches the board. and 2 jumpers: Jumper Name Setting Description JP1 close if short-circuited, keeps the memory powered when the machine is off JP2 open if short-circuited, resets the circuit board

19. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 3.3 3.1.2. CS AFE B OARD This board makes available a communication port, on 2 externally accessible connectors, which can be used for connecting compatible CSafe devices such as the CardioTheater readers. These connectors are situated one on the back of the display and the other on the connectors panel underneath the front platform. These connectors can also be interfaced, by means of a special cable, to an external PC for programming the FLASH EEPROM. 3.1.3. TGS/S MART C ARD B OARD This board enables the machine to read the TGS key or Smart Card inserted by the user for doing workouts programmed with the Wellness System. The machine can be interfaced with either a TGS key or Smart Card reader, hence its name TGS/Smart Card Board. 3.1.4. C ARDIO RECEIVER This board manages the signal received from the telemetric transmitter used by the person exercising, and interfaces it with the Digital Plan Board. The machine uses an OwnZone receiver. This is a special receiver model produced by Polar, equipped with microprocessor and capable of independently detecting the heart rate. It receives the power supply signal from the Digital Plan board, to which it is connected by: • pulse signal outputs one pulse at each detected heart beat; • reset signal: external signal received from the digital plan board at the beginning of each exercise session, to initialize the receiver; • serial signal with I2C protocol. Their reception area is approximately a circle with a 1 m radius. If there is electromagnetic noise (produced by high voltage lines, radio transmitters, monitors, motors etc.) within its reception area, the receiver becomes saturated and no longer receives any signal. In addition, if there are 2 transmitters within the reception area, it will receive signals from both. 3.1.5. C ONNECTORS PANEL This is located on the side of the front platform, and provides: • an RJ45 socket for connecting CSafe compatible devices. 3.1.6. B RAKE BOARD There are 2 versions of the brake board, one which is used on the mains powered version and the other on the self-powered version. In either case, the brake board consists of: • Power supply section which generates the low voltages used by the machine: +5 Vdc and +12 Vdc. Depending on the machine version, these voltages will be generated either from the 110 VAC or 220 VAC mains supply, or from the alternator-battery. • Section for RS-485 serial communications with the Digital Plan Board for: - commands determining the resistance that is required of the brake; - brake error messages;

23. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 3.7 The electromagnetic field produced by the winding and the rotation of the disk will induce eddy currents in the disk itself, giving rise to a force which tends to brake its motion. This produces the exercise resistance. A higher brake excitation signal will produce a correspondingly higher exercise resistance. In addition, for a given value of magnetic field, a higher speed of disk rotation will produce a correspondingly higher exercise resistance. Due to the eddy currents, energy is dissipated on the brake disk in the form of heat. The brake board effects an open loop control of the brake, with no provision for regulating the value of resistance produced. The precision of the braking system has a tolerance of ± ± ± ± 10%. During the movement, the speed sensor detects the heads of the brake disk fixing bolts, and produces a speed feedback signal that is sent to the brake board. If the brake board does not receive a speed signal which indicates that an exercise session is in progress, the machine will not produce any resistance. During the movement, the brake board checks for possible malfunctions. The errors which can occur are: Error Code Description 1 OVERHEATING: this condition occurs when the temperature measured by the sensor on the circuit board exceeds 90°C. 2 OVERCURRENT: this condition occurs when the current going to the solenoid measured by the board exceed the max value. 4 UNDERVOLTAGE: this condition occurs when the +12 Vdc voltage drops below 9.7 Vdc. 8 OVERVOLTAGE: this condition occurs when the +12 Vdc voltage goes above 13.7 Vdc. 16 WATCHDOG : this condition occurs when the brake board SW crashes. 32 EPROM: SW error on the brake board. 128 MACHINE NOT CALIBRATED: this error condition occurs when the calibration parameter stored in the brake board is incorrect. In the case of error 128, the machine will continue to function completely, but the braking resistance produced will not correspond to the value entered on the display. In all other cases, the brake board interrupts the supply of current to the brake and sends an error message to the digital plan board which displays the “THE EQUIPMENT IS BLOCKED” message. 3.2.3. T HE SIGNALS INVOLVED The machine uses the following control signals:

43. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 6.13 6.7. THE SPEED SIGNAL IS INCORRECT The speed signal is incorrect if: • The brake disk is incorrectly fixed to the flywheel; • The speed sensor is defective; • The brake board is defective. Does the speed sensor send the correct signal to the brake board? 2 Replace the speed sensor NO Replace the brake board YES Is the brake disk correctly f ixed to the f ly wheel? THE SPEED I S INCORRECT 1 Fix it correctly NO YES Follow the procedure step by step to correctly diagnose the problem. Take particular care with the checks highlighted by circled numbers, which are described in detail below: (1) Check that the 6 screws fixing the disk brake to the flywheel are all locked down. The speed sensor detects the heads of these screws. (2) Place the tester probes across the terminals of the speed sensor. The measured signal should be that indicated in Figure 3.2-1. In addition, when pedaling at 80 RPM the frequency of the signal should be 107 Hz.

80. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 9.8 TIMES AND DATE Day (DD) Minutes (MM) SET CLOCK ? Month (MM) Year (YYYY) Hours (HH) 9.2.1.1. Hour This parameter sets the hour of the internal clock. 9.2.1.2. Minutes This parameter sets the minutes of the internal clock. 9.2.1.3. Day This parameter sets the date of the internal clock. 9.2.1.4. Month This parameter sets the month of the internal clock. 9.2.1.5. Year This parameter sets the year of the internal clock. 9.2.1.6. Set Clock This item is used for programming the internal clock chip with the values entered previously. To do this, when the LED matrix shows: SET CLOCK press the ENTER key. 9.2.2. L OW KIT PARAMETER This function provides access to parameters used for modifying certain settings of the lower assembly, or for monitoring the state of the machine. To access this menu, when the LED display shows: LOW KIT PARAM.

40. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 6.10 6.5. THERE IS NO RESISTANCE The machine will not produce resistance if: • the digital plan board does not receive a speed signal; • the brake board does not generate current; • the brake is defective. Does the brake board supply current to the brake winding? THERE I S NO RESISTANCE Are the Watt and RPM v alues shown on the display dif f erent from zero? NO YES 1 Carry out the "RPM v alue is incorrect" troubleshooting procedure Replace the brake board YES Does the brake winding receiv e current f rom the brake board? NO Replace the brake winding YES Replace cable CB-51 NO 2 Follow the procedure step by step to correctly diagnose the problem. Take particular care with the checks highlighted by circled numbers, which are described in detail below: (1) Disconnect the brake winding and measure the current output by the brake board with a load of at least 5 Ohm and 80 Watts. The value should be different from 0 A. (2) As for step (1) but with everything reconnected, and across the brake winding.

11. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 2.1 2. TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS 2.1. CHARACTERISTICS Power 30-500 Watt CSafe YES Cardio receiver HFU Training programs Quick start Goal CPR C HARACTERISTIC Test functions Fitness test 2.2. MECHANICAL CHARACTERISTICS Width 52 cm - 20.5 in Length 110 cm - 43.3 in Height 150 cm - 59.1 in Weight 67 kg - 147 lbs 2.3. ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS Mains voltage 90 - 260 VAC Frequency 50 - 60 Hz Consumption 50 VA Fuses F 3.15 A

78. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 9.6 9.1.14. R ESETTING PARAMETERS TO DEFAULT VALUES It is possible to reset the user menu parameters to their default values. To select the function, when the LED matrix shows: DEFAULT CONFIG. Press ENTER to confirm the operation, use the + or – effort level keys to move to the next or preceding parameter. If the ENTER key is pressed the LED matrix will show: CONFIRM ? press ENTER to confirm, or cancel by pressing the CLEAR key for a few seconds. At the end of the configuration procedure, hold down the CLEAR key for a few seconds to exit. The CLEAR key can be pressed at any time to interrupt the procedure and revert to standby mode. 9.1.15. F ORMAT P&P This function formats a TGS key for Plug&Play mode operation. To select the function, when the LED matrix shows: FORMAT P&P press ENTER to confirm. At the end of the format procedure, hold down the CLEAR key for a few seconds to exit. The CLEAR key can be pressed at any time to interrupt the procedure and revert to standby mode.

79. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 9.7 9.2. SERVICE MENU CONFIGURATION The machine configuration procedure is invoked, when the machine is in standby mode, by simultaneously pressing the keys 369 . The following prompt appears on the LED display: ENTER PASSWORD: To access the procedure, type in the password 2501 which protects against unauthorized access and press the “Enter” key to confirm. At this point there are two options available: 1 = Tech Config 2 = Troubleshooting Press the number key 1 to access the menu for configuring technical parameters; the machine display begins showing the current configuration, structured as in the diagram below: TECHNICAL CONFIGURATION OPERATING DATA LOW KIT MENU TIME AND DATE LOW KIT PARAM. HIGH KIT VERSION STANDARD SETTINGS ERRORS LOG To scroll through the list of parameters, press the + or – effort level keys to display the next or the preceding item. To modify a parameter value, it is necessary to press the ENTER key: when the current parameter value starts to blink, press the CLEAR key to erase the current value and then use the number keys to enter the desired new value. Save the changes made by pressing the ENTER key. To cancel the operation, press the CLEAR key for a few seconds. The various parameters are described below. 9.2.1. T IME AND DATE This function sets the internal clock of the lower assembly. To access this menu, when the LED display shows: TIME AND DATE press ENTER . This function is structured as follows:

89. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 10.3 10.3. TWICE-YEARLY MAINTENANCE OPERATIONS These operations can only be carried out by a qualified technician specifically trained by Technogym and authorized to carry out machine installation and adjustments, as well as special maintenance operations or repairs which require special knowledge of the machine, its operation, safety systems and working procedures. The twice-yearly maintenance operations involve checking the functioning, wear and tension of the mechanical components so as to ensure the correct and safe operation of the machine. For the twice-yearly maintenance of the machine, proceed as follows: 10.3.1. C ARRYING OUT THE MONTHLY MAINTENANCE PROCEDURE 1. Carry out the procedure described in paragraph 10.2. “Monthly maintenance operations”. 10.3.2. S ETTING UP THE OPERATION 1. Turn off the machine by placing the switch in position 0 (OFF). 2. Unplug the mains lead from the wall outlet. 10.3.3. C LEANING OPERATIONS 1. Use a vacuum cleaner to clean the interior, paying particular attention to the brake. WARNING: when carrying out these operations, be careful not to damage the cables. 10.3.4. C HECKING THE WORKING CONDITIONS 1. Using a multimeter, check that the machine earth node is correctly connected to earth. 10.3.5. C HECKING THE WEAR OF RUBBER PARTS 1. Check the state of wear of the rubber components. Replace if there are evident signs of wear. 10.3.6. C HECKING THE BELT 1. Check the state of wear of the belt, using the pulley to turn it by hand, paying special attention to the edges and the inner part. Replace if there are evident signs of wear. 2. Also check the tension of the belt. 10.3.7. C HECKING THE DISPLAY 1. Check the operation of all the keys on the keyboard. 2. Check the operation of all the LEDs and the buzzer. 10.3.8. C HECKING THE WIRING AND CONNECTIONS 1. Check the condition of all the cables: • External conditions; • Possible rusting of the connectors; • Electrical continuity of the individual wires;

83. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 9.11 9.2.3.1. Read from low kit To read the parameter values from the low kit memory and view them on the display, scroll using the +/- keys until the LED display shows: READ FROM LOW KIT ? press ENTER to read the errors from the low kit, and return to the upper menu level by pressing CLEAR for a few seconds. 9.2.3.2. Write to low kit To write the values of the currently displayed parameters to the low kit, scroll using the +/- keys until the LED display shows: WRITE TO LOW KIT ? press ENTER to write the new data to the low kit, and return to the upper menu level by pressing CLEAR for a few seconds. 9.2.3.3. Machine usage data The machine usage data on the display is updated every 10 minutes. This means that, whenever the machine is switched off, any data modified after the last memory update will be lost. MESSAGE ON DISPLAY DESCRIPTION Life Brake: Minutes x 10 of operation of the brake Life Kit H: Minutes x 10 of operation of the upper assembly Life Kit L: Minutes x 10 of operation of the lower assembly Tot. Km: Total km traveled By selecting one of the items in the above table it is possible to modify its content, but only after having cleared its value. When the ENTER key is pressed the message "Reset life..." appears, followed by the name of the selected item; pressing ENTER again resets the value of the selected item, while pressing CLEAR reverts to the preceding value. 9.2.4. E RRORS LOG This function accesses the machine’s error history log. To access this menu, when the LED display shows: ERRORS LOG press ENTER . This function is structured as follows:

84. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 9.12 ERRORS LOG Error 10 Error 1 RESET ERRORS ? READ FROM LOW KIT ? ....................... In addition to the error history log, this function also includes the 2 sub-functions described below: 9.2.4.1. Read from low kit To read the errors stored in low kit memory and view them on the display, scroll using the +/- keys until the LED display shows: READ FROM LOW KIT ? press ENTER to read the errors from the low kit, and return to the upper menu level by pressing CLEAR for a few seconds. 9.2.4.2. Reset Errors To clear the error history in both the low and high kit memory, scroll using the +/- keys until the LED display shows: RESET ERRORS ? press ENTER to clear the error history logs, and return to the upper menu level by pressing CLEAR for a few seconds. 9.2.4.3. View Errors For every error generated by the machine, the error history log records the information in the table below: • Counter • Error code • date (dd-mm-yyyy – hh :mm) • Current when the error occurred • Distance in km when the error occurred The correspondence between error codes and descriptions is given in the table below:

81. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 9.9 press ENTER . This function is structured as follows: LOW KIT PARAM. Par.13 Par.01 WRITE TO LOW KIT ? DEFAULT SETTINGS ? READ FROM LOW KIT ? ....................... In addition to the 8 configuration parameters, this function also includes the 3 sub-functions described below: 9.2.2.1. Read from low kit To read the parameter values from the low kit memory and view them on the display, scroll using the +/- keys until the LED display shows: READ FROM LOW KIT ? press ENTER to read the errors from the low kit, and return to the upper menu level by pressing CLEAR for a few seconds. 9.2.2.2. Write to low kit To write the values of the currently displayed parameters to the low kit, scroll using the +/- keys until the LED display shows: WRITE TO LOW KIT ? press ENTER to write the parameters to the low kit, and return to the upper menu level by pressing CLEAR for a few seconds. 9.2.2.3. Default Setting To load the default parameter values, scroll using the +/- effort level keys until the LED display shows: DEFAULT SETTING ? press ENTER to write the default values to the low kit, and return to the upper menu level by pressing CLEAR for a few seconds.

85. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 9.13 Error Code Description 1 OVERHEATING: this condition occurs when the temperature measured by the sensor on the circuit board exceeds 90°C. 2 OVERCURRENT: this condition occurs when the current going to the solenoid measured by the board exceed the max value. 4 UNDERVOLTAGE: this condition occurs when the +12 Vdc voltage drops below 9.7 Vdc. 8 OVERVOLTAGE: this condition occurs when the +12 Vdc voltage goes above 13.7 Vdc. 32 EPROM: SW error on the brake board. 128 MACHINE NOT CALIBRATED: this error condition occurs when the calibration parameter stored in the brake board is incorrect. Use the + speed key to advance to the next error, otherwise the message with the details of the current error will continue to reappear. 9.2.5. S TANDARD SETTINGS This function simultaneously resets the User menu and the brake board parameters to their default values. To access this menu, when the LED display shows: STANDARD SETTINGS ? press ENTER , the following message appears: CONFIRM ? Press ENTER again to reset all parameters to their default values, or return to the upper menu level by pressing CLEAR for a few seconds. This function does not alter the language setting. 9.2.6. L OW KIT MENU This function directly accesses the firmware of the brake board. To access this menu, when the LED display shows: LOW KIT MENU press ENTER . This function is structured as follows: LOW KIT MENU Low Kit Version Low Kit fault code

32. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 6.2 6.1. SERVICE TROUBLESHOOTING MENU This section can be used to test the operation of certain machine components (brake board, LED display, keyboard, serial ports). It is invoked when the machine is in standby by simultaneously pressing the keys 369 . The following prompt appears on the LED display: ENTER PASSWORD: To access the procedure, type in the password 2501 which protects against unauthorized access and press ENTER to confirm. At this point there are two options available: 1 = Tech Config 2 = Troubleshooting Press the number key 2 to access the troubleshooting menu, which is structured as shown in the figure below. MAN.KEYBOARD TEST TROUBLESHOOTING I2C Devices Test AUTOMATIC TEST MANUAL TEST LED Test SERIAL PORTS TEST CSafe COM Test TGS COM Tes t Low Kit COM Test To scroll through the list of available functions, press the + or – effort level keys to display the next or the preceding item; confirm the choice by pressing ENTER . To cancel the operation, press the CLEAR key for a few seconds. The tests are divided into two groups: Automatic and Manual, and the prompt for a choice appears immediately on accessing the troubleshooting menu. 6.1.1. A UTOMATIC T EST The tests grouped under this section conduct checks on the machine’s operation in a fully automatic manner. After selecting the desired test using the + and – effort level keys, press ENTER to initiate the test and then await the result. Press ENTER again to continue, and use the CLEAR key to

74. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 9.2 9.1.2. D ISTANCE It is possible to choose between EUROPEAN units (kg and km) or IMPERIAL units (pounds and miles). To change the selection, when the LED matrix shows the current setting: DISTANCE : xxx Press the +/- GOAL keys to select the desired unit of measurement from the options listed in the table below: D ISTANCE KM <default> MLS Press ENTER to confirm the operation, use the + or – effort level keys to move to the next or preceding parameter. 9.1.3. M AXIMUM EXCERCISE TIME It is possible to set a maximum duration for the exercise in minutes, with a value ranging from 1 to 9999. To change the setting, when the LED matrix shows the current maximum exercise time: MAX TIME: xxx Press the ENTER key to modify the value: when the current parameter value starts to blink, press the CLEAR key to erase the current value and then use the number keys to enter the desired new value. Press ENTER to confirm the operation, use the + or – effort level keys to move to the next or preceding parameter. The default value of this parameter is 9999. 9.1.4. P AUSE TIME It is possible to set a maximum pause time for each exercise in seconds, with values ranging from 10 to 999. To change the setting, when the LED matrix shows the current maximum time: PAUSE TIME : xxx Press the ENTER key to modify the value: when the current parameter value starts to blink, press the CLEAR key to erase the current value and then use the number keys to enter the desired new value. Press ENTER to confirm the operation, use the + or – effort level keys to move to the next or preceding parameter. The default value of this parameter is 60.

50. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 7.2 7.2. DISASSEMBLING THE CIRCUIT BOARDS ON THE DISPLAY Figure 7.2-1 Carry out the procedure described in paragraph 7.1. “Disassembling the display”. Then place the display on a work bench. It is now possible to disassemble its five circuit boards: • The 386 board a ; • The CPU board b ; • The CSafe board c . Figure 7.2-2 386 board a : 1. Push open the clip fasteners. The 386 board will lift up. 2. Remove it from the connector on the digital plan board. CPU board b : 1. Unplug the connectors g and f . 2. Back off the 4 screws d , using a medium Phillips screwdriver. 3. Back off the 4 screws e , using a small Phillips screwdriver. 4. Remove the circuit board. CSafe board c : 1. Unplug the connector g . 2. Remove the circuit board.

92. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 11.2 11.2. REQUIRED TOOLS The following tools are required for carrying out the various disassembly, adjustment and maintenance action on the machine: • Small Phillips screwdriver; • Medium Phillips screwdriver; • 7-mm wrench; • 15-mm wrench; • 17-mm wrench; • 3-mm Allen T-wrench; • 4-mm Allen T-wrench; • 6-mm Allen T-wrench; • 14-mm socket wrench; • 25-mm Torx wrench; • Snap ring pliers; • Bicycle pedal extractor; • Torque wrench; • Flatness comparator. ATTENTION: The tool sizes are expressed in mm.

75. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 9.3 9.1.5. D EFAULT AGE It is possible to set the default age for a generic user, with values ranging from 10 to 99. To change the setting, when the LED matrix shows the current setting: DEFAULT AGE : xx Press the ENTER key to modify the value: when the current parameter value starts to blink, press the CLEAR key to erase the current value and then use the number keys to enter the desired new value. Press ENTER to confirm the changes made, and use the + or – effort level keys to move to the next or preceding parameter. The default value of this parameter is 30. 9.1.6. D EFAULT WEIGHT It is possible to set the default weight of a generic user in KG, with values ranging from 10 to 999. To change the setting, when the LED matrix shows the current setting: DEFAULT WEIGHT : KG xxx Press the ENTER key to modify the value: when the current parameter value starts to blink, press the CLEAR key to erase the current value and then use the number keys to enter the desired new value. Press ENTER to confirm the changes made, and use the + or – effort level keys to move to the next or preceding parameter. The default value of this parameter is KG 70. 9.1.7. D EFAULT TIME It is possible to set the default duration of the exercise in minutes, with values ranging from 10 to 999. To change the setting, when the LED matrix shows the current time: DEFAULT TIME : MIN. xxx Press the ENTER key to modify the value: when the current parameter value starts to blink, press the CLEAR key to erase the current value and then use the number keys to enter the desired new value. Press ENTER to confirm the changes made, and use the + or – effort level keys to move to the next or preceding parameter. The default value of this parameter is MIN 15.

77. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 9.5 9.1.11. E NABLE KEYBOARD It is possible to disable the keyboard so that the machine can only be used with the TGS. To change the selection, when the LED matrix shows the current setting: KEYS : xxx Press the +/- GOAL keys to select the desired option out of those listed in the table below: K EYS ENABLED <default> DISABLED Press ENTER to confirm the operation, use the + or – effort level keys to move to the next or preceding parameter. 9.1.12. M ODIFIABLE TARGET HEART RATE It is possible to enable or disable modification of the target heart rate during a constant heart rate exercise. To change the selection, when the LED matrix shows the current setting: HR : xxx Press the +/- GOAL number keys to select the desired option out of those listed in the table below: HR MODIFIABLE < default> NOT MODIFIABLE Press ENTER to confirm the operation, use the + or – effort level keys to move to the next or preceding parameter. 9.1.13. E NABLE CUSTOM MESSAGES It is possible to configure whether a custom message is displayed when the machine is in the standby state. To change the selection, when the LED matrix shows the current setting: CUSTOM MESS. : xxx Press the +/- GOAL number keys to select the desired option out of those listed in the table below: CUSTOM MESS. YES <default> NO Press ENTER to confirm the operation, use the + or – effort level keys to move to the next or preceding parameter.

76. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 9.4 9.1.8. D EFAULT CALORIES It is possible to set the calories for every exercise, with values ranging from 10 to 999. To change the setting, when the LED matrix shows the current setting: DEFAULT CALORIES : xxx Press the ENTER key to modify the value: when the current parameter value starts to blink, press the CLEAR key to erase the current value and then use the number keys to enter the desired new value. Press ENTER to confirm the changes made, and use the + or – effort level keys to move to the next or preceding parameter. The default value of this parameter is 300. 9.1.9. D EFAULT DISTANCE It is possible to set the distance for every exercise in Km, with values ranging from 1 to 999. To change the setting, when the LED matrix shows the current setting: DEFAULT DISTANCE : KM xxx Press the ENTER key to modify the value: when the current parameter value starts to blink, press the CLEAR key to erase the current value and then use the number keys to enter the desired new value. Press ENTER to confirm the changes made, and use the + or – effort level keys to move to the next or preceding parameter. The default value of this parameter is KM 10. 9.1.10. E NABLE TGS It is possible to enable or disable the use of the TGS reader. To change the selection, when the LED matrix shows the current setting: TGS : xxx Press the +/- GOAL keys to select the desired option out of those listed in the table below: TGS ENABLED <default> DISABLED Press ENTER to confirm the operation, use the + or – effort level keys to move to the next or preceding parameter.

33. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 6.3 return to the higher menu level, holding it down for a few seconds. The various manual tests are described below. 6.1.1.1. I2C Devices Test The I2C Device test checks the operation of the OwnZone receiver only for what concerns the data reception function, but not the detection of the heart rate signal. The test can have two outcomes: • “Test Successful, press Enter to continue” : Signifies that the transmission and reception of data packets between the OwnZone and the digital plan board was completed successfully. • “EEPROM Error, press Enter to continue” : Signifies that the CPU board has communication problems with the memories. 6.1.1.2. LED Test The LED test checks the functioning of the display by lighting all the LEDs in the matrix. It also tests the buzzer by changing the frequency to produce a variation in the tone of the sound. There is no message displayed concerning the outcome of this test, which the user must therefore check visually. 6.1.1.3. Serial Ports Test The serial ports test checks the communications on the port for connecting to: • CSafe COM test • Low Kit COM Test • TGS COM test Using the + and – effort level keys, select the desired test item and confirm by pressing ENTER . The test can have two outcomes: • “Test Successful, press Enter to continue”: This means that the test was completed successfully, i.e. that the communications on the selected serial port are correct. • “COMx Error, press Enter to continue”: This means that the outcome of the test was negative: the message will specify COM1 in the case of the CSafe COM test, COM2 in the case of communications with the low kit, or COM3 in the case of the TGS COM test. 6.1.2. M ANUAL T EST This section groups together tests for manually checking the operation of certain peripheral devices. After selecting the desired test using the + and – effort level keys, press ENTER to initiate the test and then await the result. To exit test mode, hold down the CLEAR key for a few seconds. 6.1.2.1. Man. Keyboard Test The manual keyboard test checks the functioning of all the keys on the keyboard. After accessing the test by pressing ENTER , the message “ Press all buttons (beep=OK) ” appears on the display. Pressing each key will produce an audible signal, if a key does not produce the “beep” it means it is not working properly.

13. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page 2.3 2.6. PRODUCT CODES The machine codes take into account all the possible variants and options available for the products. The machine code, which does not include the Serial Number, consists of 16 alphanumeric characters arranged as follows: Characters description key to values 1,2,3,4 Machine type: Bike Forma D725 5 Type of power supply 3 = multi-voltage (110-220) 6 Type of display L = LED display 7 Device for downloading data used by the Wellness System N = not available T = TGS 8, 9 Color of the frame AL = aluminum 10, 11 Color of paddings AG = gray M0 = bordeaux 12 Guard color G = gray 13 Type of TV model 0 = none 14,15 Language IT = Italian DE = German FR = French UK = British English ES = Spanish 16 Type of packaging I = Italy E = standard international The above coding is used for the entire Excite line. For this reason, options not relevant to the BikeForma machine have also been included. For example, a possible product code would be: D7253LTALM0G0UKE which is interpreted as follows: D427 3 L T AL M0 G 0 UK E standard international packing British English language no TV model gray guards burgundy paddings aluminum frame color interfaced to TGS key reader LED display mains powered supply with multi-voltage inlet Forma model

7. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page iii 9.2.1.5. Year ........................................................................................................................... ................................................ 9.8 9.2.1.6. Set Clock ...................................................................................................................... ............................................. 9.8 9.2.2. Low kit parameter.............................................................................................................. ...................9.8 9.2.2.1. Read from low kit .............................................................................................................. ........................................ 9.9 9.2.2.2. Write to low kit............................................................................................................... ........................................... 9.9 9.2.2.3. Default Setting................................................................................................................ ........................................... 9.9 9.2.2.4. Configuration parameters table ................................................................................................. .............................. 9.10 9.2.3. Operating data................................................................................................................. ...................9.10 9.2.3.1. Read from low kit .............................................................................................................. ...................................... 9.11 9.2.3.2. Write to low kit............................................................................................................... ......................................... 9.11 9.2.3.3. Machine usage data ............................................................................................................. .................................... 9.11 9.2.4. Errors log ..................................................................................................................... ......................9.11 9.2.4.1. Read from low kit .............................................................................................................. ...................................... 9.12 9.2.4.2. Reset Errors ................................................................................................................... .......................................... 9.12 9.2.4.3. View Errors .................................................................................................................... ......................................... 9.12 9.2.5. Standard settings .............................................................................................................. ..................9.13 9.2.6. Low kit menu................................................................................................................... ....................9.13 9.2.6.1. Low kit version................................................................................................................ ........................................ 9.14 9.2.6.2. Low Kit fault code............................................................................................................. ...................................... 9.14 9.2.7. High kit version ............................................................................................................... ...................9.14 10. SCHEDULED MAINTENANCE .......................................................................................................... ..............10.1 10.1. D AILY MAINTENANCE OPERATIONS .................................................................................................................10.1 10.1.1. Setting up the operation....................................................................................................... ...............10.1 10.1.2. External cleaning operations................................................................................................... ...........10.1 10.2. M ONTHLY MAINTENANCE OPERATIONS ...........................................................................................................10.2 10.2.1. Play of the saddle stem ........................................................................................................ ...............10.2 10.2.2. Check wear of foot straps ...................................................................................................... .............10.2 10.2.3. Checking the operation of the cardiotester receiver...........................................................................1 0.2 10.3. T WICE - YEARLY MAINTENANCE OPERATIONS ...................................................................................................10.3 10.3.1. Carrying out the monthly maintenance procedure .............................................................................10.3 10.3.2. Setting up the operation....................................................................................................... ...............10.3 10.3.3. Cleaning operations ............................................................................................................ ...............10.3 10.3.4. Checking the working conditions................................................................................................ ........10.3 10.3.5. Checking the wear of rubber parts .............................................................................................. .......10.3 10.3.6. Checking the belt .............................................................................................................. ..................10.3 10.3.7. Checking the display........................................................................................................... ................10.3 10.3.8. Checking the wiring and connections ............................................................................................ .....10.3 11. APPENDIX ....................................................................................................................... ....................................11.1 11.1. U PDATING THE SW ............................................................................................................................. ............11.1 11.2. R EQUIRED TOOLS ............................................................................................................................... .............11.2

5. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page i Contents 1. GENERAL NOTICES................................................................................................................ ............................1.1 1.1. I NTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................................... ..................1.1 1.2. R ECOMMENDATIONS ............................................................................................................................... ..........1.1 1.3. G ENERAL RULES FOR REPAIR PROCEDURES .......................................................................................................1.2 2. TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS ...................................................................................................... ............2.1 2.1. C HARACTERISTICS ............................................................................................................................... .............2.1 2.2. M ECHANICAL CHARACTERISTICS ......................................................................................................................2.1 2.3. E LECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS ........................................................................................................................2.1 2.4. A MBIENT SPECIFICATIONS ............................................................................................................................... ..2.2 2.5. C ONFORMITY TO REGULATIONS ........................................................................................................................2.2 2.6. P RODUCT CODES ............................................................................................................................... ................2.3 2.7. W IRING DIAGRAM ............................................................................................................................... ..............2.4 2.8. C ABLES ............................................................................................................................... ..............................2.5 3. PRINCIPLES OF OPERATION ........................................................................................................ ..................3.1 3.1. B LOCK DIAGRAM ............................................................................................................................... ...............3.1 3.1.1. Display board .................................................................................................................. .....................3.2 3.1.2. CSafe Board.................................................................................................................... ......................3.3 3.1.3. TGS/Smart Card Board ........................................................................................................... .............3.3 3.1.4. Cardio receiver ................................................................................................................ .....................3.3 3.1.5. Connectors panel ............................................................................................................... ...................3.3 3.1.6. Brake board .................................................................................................................... ......................3.3 3.1.7. Brake 3.4 3.1.8. Speed sensor ................................................................................................................... ......................3.4 3.1.9. Power entry module ............................................................................................................. .................3.4 3.2. B RAKE CONTROL ............................................................................................................................... ...............3.6 3.2.1. Mechanics ...................................................................................................................... .......................3.6 3.2.2. Control 3.6 3.2.3. The signals involved ........................................................................................................... ..................3.7 4. ACCESSORIES .................................................................................................................... ..................................4.1 4.1. C ARDIO THEATER CONNECTION ........................................................................................................................4.1 4.2. PC LINK FOR PROGRAMMING ............................................................................................................................4.1 5. INSTALLATION INSTRUCTIONS ...................................................................................................... ..............5.1 5.1. S PECIFICATIONS AND REQUIREMENTS ...............................................................................................................5.1 5.2. I NSTALLATION ............................................................................................................................... ...................5.1 5.3. F IRST POWER - ON ............................................................................................................................... ................5.2 6. TROUBLESHOOTING ................................................................................................................ .........................6.1 6.1. S ERVICE TROUBLESHOOTING MENU ..................................................................................................................6.2 6.1.1. Automatic Test ................................................................................................................. .....................6.2 6.1.1.1. I2C Devices Test ............................................................................................................... ........................................ 6.3 6.1.1.2. LED Test ....................................................................................................................... ............................................ 6.3 6.1.1.3. Serial Ports Test.............................................................................................................. ........................................... 6.3 6.1.2. Manual Test .................................................................................................................... ......................6.3 6.1.2.1. Man. Keyboard Test ............................................................................................................. ..................................... 6.3 6.2. T HE DISPLAY FAILS TO ILLUMINATE ..................................................................................................................6.4 6.3. “THE EQUIPMENT IS BLOCKED” MESSAGE ON THE DISPLAY ....................................................................6.7 6.4. E RROR DETECTED BY BRAKE BOARD ................................................................................................................6.8 6.4.1. Error 1 on brake board ......................................................................................................... ...............6.8 6.4.2. Error 2 on brake board ......................................................................................................... ...............6.8

6. BIKE FORMA: Service & Maintenance Manual - rev. 1.0 Page ii 6.4.3. Error 4 on brake board ......................................................................................................... ...............6.9 6.4.4. Error 8 on the brake board..................................................................................................... ..............6.9 6.4.5. Error 16 or 32 on the brake board .............................................................................................. .........6.9 6.4.6. Error 128 on brake board ....................................................................................................... .............6.9 6.5. T HERE IS NO RESISTANCE ............................................................................................................................... .6.10 6.6. T HE RESISTANCE IS INCORRECT ......................................................................................................................6.11 6.7. T HE SPEED SIGNAL IS INCORRECT ....................................................................................................................6.13 6.8. T HE MACHINE DOES NOT READ THE TGS / SMART CARD ....................................................................................6.14 6.9. T HERE IS NO HEART RATE SIGNAL ...................................................................................................................6.16 6.9.1. Ricevitore telemetrico HFU..................................................................................................... ...........6.16 6.10. T HE TELEMETRIC HR SIGNAL IS INCORRECT .....................................................................................................6.17 7. DISASSEMBLY OF COMPONENTS ...................................................................................................... ...........7.1 7.1. D ISASSEMBLING THE DISPLAY ...........................................................................................................................7.1 7.2. D ISASSEMBLING THE CIRCUIT BOARDS ON THE DISPLAY ...................................................................................7.2 7.3. D ISASSEMBLING THE KEYBOARD ......................................................................................................................7.3 7.4. D ISASSEMBLING THE CARDIO RECEIVER ............................................................................................................7.4 7.5. D ISASSEMBLING THE HANDLEBAR .....................................................................................................................7.5 7.6. D ISASSEMBLING THE GUARDS ...........................................................................................................................7.6 7.7. D ISASSEMBLING THE SEAT GROUP .....................................................................................................................7.7 7.8. D ISASSEMBLING THE ADJUSTING KNOB .............................................................................................................7.9 7.9. D ISASSEMBLING THE ELECTRICAL BOX ...........................................................................................................7.10 7.10. D ISASSEMBLING THE BELT ..............................................................................................................................7 .11 7.11. D ISASSEMBLING THE PEDALS AND THE PEDAL CRANKS ...................................................................................7.12 7.12. D ISASSEMBLING THE PULLEY ..........................................................................................................................7.13 7.13. D ISASSEMBLING THE BRAKE WINDING ............................................................................................................7.14 7.14. D ISASSEMBLING THE BRAKE GROUP ................................................................................................................7.15 7.15. D ISASSEMBLING THE SPEED SENSOR ...............................................................................................................7.17 7.16. D ISASSEMBLING THE PLATFORMS WITH CS AFE BOARD CONNECTORS AND POWER ENTRY MODULE ................7.18 8. ADJUSTMENTS .................................................................................................................... ................................8.1 8.1. B ELT TENSION ............................................................................................................................... ....................8.1 8.2. P LAY OF SADDLE STEM ............................................................................................................................... ......8.2 8.3. S PEED SENSOR POSITION ............................................................................................................................... ....8.3 8.4. B RAKE ASSEMBLY ............................................................................................................................... .............8.4 9. MACHINE CONFIGURATION.......................................................................................................... .................9.1 9.1. U SER MENU CONFIGURATION ............................................................................................................................9.1 9.1.1. Language ....................................................................................................................... .......................9.1 9.1.2. Distance ....................................................................................................................... .........................9.2 9.1.3. Maximum excercise time......................................................................................................... ..............9.2 9.1.4. Pause time..................................................................................................................... ........................9.2 9.1.5. Default age .................................................................................................................... .......................9.3 9.1.6. Default weight................................................................................................................. ......................9.3 9.1.7. Default time ................................................................................................................... .......................9.3 9.1.8. Default calories ............................................................................................................... .....................9.4 9.1.9. Default distance ............................................................................................................... .....................9.4 9.1.10. Enable TGS..................................................................................................................... ......................9.4 9.1.11. Enable keyboard ................................................................................................................ ...................9.5 9.1.12. Modifiable target heart rate ................................................................................................... ..............9.5 9.1.13. Enable custom messages......................................................................................................... ..............9.5 9.1.14. Resetting parameters to default values ......................................................................................... ........9.6 9.1.15. Format P&P ..................................................................................................................... ....................9.6 9.2. S ERVICE MENU CONFIGURATION .......................................................................................................................9.7 9.2.1. Time and date .................................................................................................................. .....................9.7 9.2.1.1. Hour ........................................................................................................................... ............................................... 9.8 9.2.1.2. Minutes........................................................................................................................ .............................................. 9.8 9.2.1.3. Day ............................................................................................................................ ................................................ 9.8 9.2.1.4. Month .......................................................................................................................... .............................................. 9.8

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